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Hydrocephalus


Dilation of the fluid filled chambers of the brain (cerebral ventricles). The cause is usually an obstruction of the normal spinal fluid passage from one fluid chamber to another. Hydrocephalus can occur at birth or develop later on in life from obstructions related to hemorrhage in the brain, meningitis, brain tumors or other causes. Treatment can consist of diverting the spinal fluid into the abdomen or chest with a shunt, or opening up the diversion within the brain (third ventriculostomy). There are other specific procedures that can be used in individual patients. Medication therapy is sometimes used.