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Pineal Tumor


The pineal gland is a small structure in the middle of the brain. Primitive tumors can grow in this region often related to developmental body cells (germ cells). Tumors such as germinomas or non-germanomatous germ cell tumors can cause headaches, hydrocephalus, or other neurologic symptoms. Treatments can consist of open resection, endoscopic biopsy, stereotactic biopsy, radiation therapy, focused radiation, and chemotherapy. Because different tumors can occur in this area, it is important to guide treatment based upon the individual tumor type.