Types of Research Activities
Within the Department of Neurosurgery itself, the current research activities can be grouped in five main categories:
Disorders of the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots in the spinal column are very frequently evaluated and diagnosed in our Neurosurgery Department. All of our neurosurgeons are fully trained spine surgeons and evaluate and treat the full range of spinal disorders ranging from spinal cord tumors, herniated discs and spinal deformity.Low back pain is one of the most significant health problems. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports that 70-85 percent of all people have back pain at some time in their life and it is the most frequent cause of activity limitation in people younger than 45 years old.
Between 1979 and 1990, rates of hospitalizations with cervical and lumbar spine surgery increased markedly among both sexes and for different categories of spine surgery.Approximately 250,000 – 400,000 individuals in the
In patients with brain metastases, it is unclear whether adding up-front whole-brain radiation therapy to stereotactic radiosurgery has beneficial effects on mortality or neurologic function compared with SRS alone.
Endovascular Stent Systems
The stent system is used to open blocked arteries in the brain, allowing blood to flow to the brain. It consists of a stent, a delivery system, and a balloon catheter. The calloon catheter is used to open the blockage in brain arteries prior to inserting the stent. The stent is the permanent implant that is placed in the artery to open the blockage.The stent is a self-expanding, metal mesh in the shape of a tube. The delivery system is a small catheter and is provided with the stent pre-loaded. The balloon catheter is a small catheter with a tiny balloon on the tip.
The balloon catheter opens the blocked artery to improve blood flow. The stent provides a barrier to reduce the risk of recurrent blockage or narrowing of the artery and to support the artery wall.A microdelivery stent system is designed to prevent the rupture of an aneurysm in the brain (an intracranial aneurysm). This is used on patients who cannot take blood-thinning (antiplatelet and/or anticoagulation) drugs that help prevent blood-clotting.
Studies show that about two percent of the
Half of those people die within minutes of hemorrhaging. About 12 percent of people suffering a SAH die before reaching medical attention and about another 30-40 percent will die within 30 days of the SAH. The remaining survivors, depending upon the level of hemorrhage, usually live with severe long-term deficits.
Because craniotomy is a procedure that is utilized for several conditions and diseases, statistical information for the procedure itself is not available. However, because craniotomy is most commonly performed to remove a brain tumor, statistics concerning this condition are given. Approximately 90% of primary brain cancers occur in adults, more commonly in males between 55 and 65 years of age.Tumors in children peak between the ages of three and 12. Brain tumors are presently the most common cancer in children (four out of 100,000).